Dating of the exodus
These three place names appear together in Egyptian texts These specific place names recorded in the Biblical text demonstrate that the memory of the Biblical authors for these traditions predates Egypt’s Third Intermediate Period. The article “Exodus Evidence: An Egyptologist Looks at Biblical History” from the May/June 2016 issue of wrestles with both of these questions—“Did the Exodus happen? ” In the article, evidence is presented that generally supports a 13th-century B. The article examines Egyptian texts, artifacts and archaeological sites, which demonstrate that the Bible recounts accurate memories from the 13th century B. The Biblical names Pithom, Ramses and Yam Suph (Red Sea or Reed Sea) correspond to the Egyptian place names Pi-Ramesse, Pi-Atum and (Pa-)Tjuf. The evidence from Egypt provides almost no support for such dating, and in Canaan it raises as many questions as it answers (Bimson 1978). The scriptural search for the Exodus gets stuck in a plethora of numbers, usually leading back to the fifteenth century. The last year of Ahab (I Kings ) was 853 (Thiele 19-78). The founding of Samaria occurred in 880 (Kenyon 19) in the sixth year of Omri (I Kings -24).The search for an historical Exodus has been stuck between the proverbial rock and a hard place. That time period fails for lack of archaeological support and still does not resolve the biblical accounts. But how many years was it from the Temple foundation back to the Exodus?The evidence dug from the rocks has led archaeologists to date the event from the thirteenth century B. There is a solution, however, that supports the inerrancy of Scripture and satisfies accepted archaeology and established history. It was more than the three hundred years to the reign of Ramses II, which is the usual archaeological solution.), Jack (1925), De Vries (1962), Hoffmeier (1996), Kitchen (2003) and Goldstein (2006) and "others" have observed that 1 Kings 6:1's statement that 480 years elapsed from the Exodus and the 4th year of Solomon's reign appears to be CONTRADICTED by the internal chonological evidence of the Bible, suggesting almost 600 years elapsed not 480 years.
One frequently reads that archaeological evidence contradicts the Bible, especially the Exodus and Conquest accounts.
Mainstream scholarship understands Israel's settling of the Hill Country is Iron I, ca. Why then does the Bible's chronology have an Exodus "hundreds of years" earlier?
The answer is very surprising and has been preserved for almost 2000 years in the writings of an Egyptian priest/historian called Manetho.
His article, however, primarily critiques a 1312 BCE Exodus date (found in the Rabbinical Seder Olam Rabbah) espoused by Jonathan Adler, "Dating the Exodus: A New Perspective." pp. He was also aware that the Hyksos Expulsion associated with Pharaoh Ahmose I was a mid 16th century BCE event and that almost 100 years separated the Hyksos expulsion from the 1446 BCE Exodus date, and that because of this discrepancy, some scholars had rejected the Exodus as being a Hyksos Expulsion. Jacobovici was also apparently _unaware_ that a number of scholars had come to the conclusion that the 1446 BCE date preserved in 1 Kings 6:1 appeared to be CONTRADICTED by internal data preserved in the books of Joshua, Judges, 1st and 2d Samuel and Kings (as well as Acts -22).
44-51, in the journal Jewish Bible Quarterly 23 (1995). What Jacobovici _was not aware of_ was that the Catholic scholar Eusebius as preserved by Jerome fixed the Exodus at circa 1512 B. When this data was factored in with Solomon's 4th year (circa 966 BCE when the Jerusalem Temple was begun to be built), it yielded an Exodus falling in the reign of Ahmose I.